Translated by Sarah Jane Armstrong & Wyntra Jones within the initiative PerMondo. Sponsored by Mondo Agit, which offers voluntary translations from Spanish into English. Translation proofread by María Garza.
The City Management Plan [el Plan de Ordenamiento] and the Development Plan “Human Bogota 2012-2016”[Bogotá Humana]focuses uponthe social and environmental conflicts ofinformal settlements in risk zones. By combining resettlement and adaptation, priority is givento reduce physical vulnerability, ensure the balance of the load on ecosystems and to provide the city with ecological corridors for water connectivity and ecosystemicdynamics that willreduce the consumption of soil, water, energy and materials;and minimize the impact on the natural environment.
These planning and development instrumentsmandate that priority be givento the following sectors known as “Altos de la Estancia” and “Nueva Esperanza”,which haverecurrentlyfacedgeological and hydrological stability problems that affect the housing of population groups settled in the areas. Much of thisis due tonon-planned illegal occupancypractices, characterized by a high rate of physical vulnerability.
The areaknown as Altos de la Estancia, a locality of Cuidad Bolívar, has been affected by compound processes of mass wastingsince 1999, (complex and multiple) generated by the union of factors such as: geological composition and anthropogenic intervention, characterized by the exploitation of old quarryconstruction materials. Occupyingan area of 73 acres;and given the magnitude of the problem, this sector has become the objective for anongoing district intervention in order to protect the lives of the people settled there.
The Nueva Esperanza sector, in the locality of Rafael Uribe Urbe, is situated in the micro-watershed of thela Hoya del Güiracreek, tributary of the Chiguaza brook, borderingthe Diana Turbay, Rincón del Valle and el Parque Ecológico Distrital de Montaña Entre Nubes (PEDEN), the District ecological park neighborhoods. It sitson the South East border of the Rafael Uribe in the Zonal Planning Unit (UPZ) 55, of Diana Turbaylocality, and occupies an area of approximately 52 acres, 20 acres of which are urbanized.
On November 17, 2004, an emergency situation arose fromthe phenomena known as local mass wasting also affected by the conditions of the area’s housingconstructionandcompoundedby social-environmental issues present in the community.
As a response to the high-risk situation, generated by recent events in various sectors of the Rafael Uribe Uribe and Cuidad Bolívar localities, the District’sAdministration declared a district state of emergency. Given the situation, the Administrative Department of District Planning, [el DepartamentoAdministrativo de PlaneaciónDistrital]known today as the District Planning Secretary, [SecretaríaDistrital de Planeación]issued Resolution 139 inMarch 2005, which established the Rafael Uribe locality, Nueva Esperanza sector and Cuidad Bolívar locality, sector Limas Creek, Bogotá D.C.Post Event Rehabilitation, Reconstruction and Sustainable Development Plan “
Consequently, since 2008, successive inter-agency agreements have been established with an emphasisto begin a theoretical and practical training process with thoseresidingin the mentionedcommunities: to transform them into environmental overseers in their community.In this manner, a commitment is made to territorial reconstruction and to the social fabric of these communities; as itstrengthens the local capacity to understand and manage the risk, which over time, guarantees visible and sustainable results.
To accomplish the objectives previously mentioned, the District Secretary for the Environment [la SecretaríaDistrital de Ambiente], known by its initials as the SDA, and the Fund for Emergency Prevention and Response, known as the FOPAE, [el Fondo de Prevención yAtención de Emergencias]proposed to ECOFONDOthe signing of a partnership agreement to develop appropriate measures in each one of the identified zones.
2012 Contract Objective.
To unite technical, financial and human resources with participation from the vulnerable communityfor the rehabilitation of areasaffected byan unmitigated high-threat and/or high-risk: in the Nueva Esperanzasector (in the Rafael Uribe Uribelocality) and inAltos de la Estancia, Cuidad Bolívarlocality.
May 8th, 2012 - May 22nd, 2013.
Nueva Esperanza Altos de la Estancia.